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HAYNES® Alloys

Fabrication Characteristics

HAYNES® 556® alloy is normally final solution heat-treated at 2150°F (1175°C) for a time commensurate with section thickness. Solution heat-treating can be performed at temperatures as low as about 2125°F (1165°C), but resulting material properties will be altered accordingly. Annealing during fabrication can be performed at even lower temperatures, but a final, subsequent solution heat treatment is needed to produce optimum properties and structure. Please click here or see the Haynes Welding SmartGuide for more information.

Typical Hardness Properties

556 - Typical Hardness Properties
Form Hardness, HRB Typical ASTM Grain Size
Sheet 91 4 - 6.5
Plate 92 3.5 - 6.5
Bar 89 3 - 5.5

All samples tested in solution-annealed condition.
HRB= Rockwell Hardness "B"

Effect of Cold Reduction upon Room Temperature Tensile Properties*

Cold Reduction Subsequent Anneal
Temperature
Yield Strength
0.2% Offset
Ultimate Tensile
Strength
Elongation
% None ksi MPa ksi MPa %
0 52.9 365 115.0 795 50.7
10 93.3 645 127.8 880 34.8
20 113.3 780 142.1 980 23.5
30 144.1 995 172.6 1190 12.0
40 155.8 1075 189.3 1305 10.1
50 169.7 1170 204.2 1410 8.0
0 1850°F (1010°C) 52.6 365 114.7 790 44.8
10 76.9 530 121.6 840 34.3
20 88.8 610 127.0 875 30.3
30 92.7 340 135.2 930 26.6
40 80.0 550 133.3 920 30.6
50 83.0 570 135.0 930 31.7
0 1950°F (1065°C) 52.9 365 115.8 800 45.2
10 76.8 530 122.2 845 36.9
20 76.8 530 124.7 860 34.8
30 66.0 455 125.1 865 38.3
40 71.4 490 128.1 885 36.7
50 77.9 535 131.0 905 33.4
0 2050°F (1121°C) 54.3 375 117.0 805 47.0
10 55.3 380 117.4 810 48.0
20 58.4 405 120.1 830 45.4
30 63.5 440 123.6 850 43.0
40 66.9 460 124.7 860 42.4
50 70.8 485 126.6 875 35.0

* Based upon rolling reductions taken upon 0.120-inch (3.0mm) thick sheet. Duplicate tests.

Typical Microstructure

(ASTM 5 grain size) Annealed at 2150°F (1175°C)

556 - Typical Microstructure
Etchant:95ml
HCL plus 5gm oxalic acid, 4 volts

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